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Workplace and community safety and health across extended life cycle

Developing the safety and health culture
The Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene advances various aspects of safety and health across the people's whole life cycle, from a pre-school age and into their retirement from work. As a national body, we aim at bringing about a cultural and economic change in all areas of safety and health in the workplace and in the community.

New draft occupational hygiene regulations published for comments
August 2015
The draft versions of three new regulations in the field of occupational hygiene and workplace exposure to harmful factors have been issued by the Ministry of Economy for the public consultation:
Workplace Safety Regulations (Environmental Monitoring and Biological Monitoring of Workers Exposed to Harmful Factors);
Workplace Safety Regulations (Occupational Hygiene and Health of Workers Exposed to Harmful Dust);
Workplace Safety Regulations (Occupational Hygiene and Health of Workers Exposed to Asbestos).

The reason for the new regulations, intended to replace those that had already existed on the same issues under joint auspices of the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Environmental Protection), has arisen from the need to separate the areas or responsibility and approaches between the two governmental offices.

It has also been decided from the professional point of view that separate regulations are required for asbestos and for such types of harmful dust as silica and talc, particularly following the adoption in 2011 of the Law for the Prevention of Hazards from Asbestos and Harmful Dust.

Solar radiation awareness day marked by IIOSH
July 2015
From the biblical times, Israel is known as a profoundly sunny land. However this natural blessing comes not without its reverse side: many people here are habitually spending long hours outdoors as part of their work or leisure time, where they may be exposed to hazardous levels of UV radiation.

Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene takes the solar exposure problem very seriously and consistently dedicates much of its research, information dissemination and training resources to the prevention of potential damage of excessive sunshine to the workers and their families health.

This year, our efforts in this direction culminate in the National Solar Radiation Awareness Day marked on 2 August 2015. Our Hebrew website carries a special section opening with an address by IIOSH acting General Director Israel Shreibman and containing items on the UV hazards, caution and prevention means. A topical issue of our monthly e-newsletter Safety Online has been emailed to several thousand subscribers. The solar exposure danger is being specifically emphasized this month in the IIOSH regular field activities – lectures, seminars, courses, safety committee meetings, and more.

Sunrise over Dead Sea.

New regulation to raise the status of municipal safety officers
July 2015
Israeli municipalities and local authorities are major employer: their salaried workers number well over 100,000, and thousands more are employed via contractors. Many of these workers are engaged in such risk-intensive and hazardous occupations as construction including work at height, sanitation and garbage collection, sewage and utilities maintenance, municipal roads repair etc. A large part of them work outdoors and are continuously exposed to heavy heat, solar radiation and other environmental hazards.

Like other workplaces employing over 50 workers each, municipalities and local authorities are obliged by law to appoint safety officers responsible for a range of safety and health activities – surveys, check-ups, training, awareness raising, advising the management on the relevant matters, preparing and performing the annual safety management plans, and more. While there are currently over 200 such municipal safety officers, their administrative status, prerogatives and place within the municipal hierarchy have until now been unclear and inconsistent, which seriously impeded their ability to promote safety and health of municipal workers.

Following years of outreach work, consulting and coordination, the Ministry of the Interior – which exerts regulatory authority over the local government in Israel – has just issued a comprehensive document detailing the status, responsibilities, subordination and professional requirements of municipal safety officers. This measure will, along with other benefits, allow the emerging vacancies to be filled by adequately qualified professionals.

Municipal workers evacuate garbage in Safed.

ANSI/UL Fire Safety standards to be adopted as Israeli Standards
June 2015

The Standards Institution of Israel (SII) has recently published, for the purpose of public consultations, new draft standards in the field of fire safety: SI 1001 Part 3 "Fire Safety in Buildings: Fire Dampers" and SI 1001 Part 4 "Fire Safety in Buildings: Smoke Dampers". These draft standards are actually the US national standards ANSI/UL 555 and ANSI/UL 555S correspondingly, adopted and slightly modified in order to stay harmonized with other Israeli standards and national regulations.

According to the Standards Institution of Israel, "SII follows a policy of standards harmonization, whenever possible. The Technical Committees are encouraged to adopt existing, accepted international standards as Israeli standards, as long as there is no compelling local reason for not doing so".

SII's main building in Tel Aviv
Notorious ammonia tank on its way off Haifa Bay
June 2015
The Israeli Ministries of Environmental Protection (MoEP) and Health are working together to solve the environmental problems in Haifa Bay. That was the message from MoEP Minister Avi Gabbay, during a visit to Haifa and other parts of northern Israel on Tuesday, June 9th. Gabbay was joined by MoEP Director General David Leffler, Deputy Health Minister Yaakov Litzman, and other officials. They toured several sites, including the Haifa Bay ammonia storage tank, and met with environmental organization representatives.

The ammonia storage tank in Haifa Bay, a heavily populated region, is one of those issues. In January 2014, the MoEP, the Israel Lands Authority, and the Ministry of Economy began the process of publishing a tender for the establishment of an ammonia plant in the less populated southern Negev region, which will allow for the removal of the tank from Haifa, where it poses a potential risk to nearby residents. This will also make the import of ammonia unnecessary and will reduce risks of an accident during the transporting of ammonia from the north to the south, where it is mostly used in Israel.

More on the MoEP website

Ammonia tank in the Haifa Bay. Photo: Ilan Malester

National Noise Awareness Day observed in Israel
May 2015
Together with our professional colleagues and the public all over the world who have commemorated the International Noise Awareness Day, Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (IIOSH) observes Israeli National Noise Awareness Day on 31 May 2015.

The burden of injuries and diseases caused by workers' exposure to excessive noise is heavily perceived by the Israeli economy, public health and OSH communities. This is why IIOSH feels obliged to take an initiative and call on the employers, OSH professionals and all relevant stakeholders to do their utmost in order to preserve the workers' hearing and to minimize the noise harm.

Towards the National Noise Awareness Day on 31 May 2015, IIOSH has opened a special website (in Hebrew) featuring articles, FAQs, links, awareness-raising video and other relevant content. During the whole next month, IIOSH safety and hygiene instructors and the Information Center will deliver the noise prevention message directly to industrial plants, construction sites and SMEs. 

Staying safe and healthy in hot weather
May 2015
Israeli summers are habitually quite hot, with day temperatures often exceeding 30C across the country and even nearing 40C in arid deserts and regions around the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee. This year is no exception, and Israeli workers and their families are already feeling the heat burden. In order to advise the population on staying safe and healthy in hot weather, several Israeli government and public organizations have published their recommendations.

The Ministry of Health, for instance, informs the general public, and the senior citizens in particular, that according to a report from the meteorological service temperatures are forecast to rise above the seasonal average all over the country. In view of this, the Ministry of Health calls on the general public, the aged public and especially those suffering from chronic illnesses, to observe the following:
•  Avoid, as much as possible, exposure to the heat and the sun;
•  Avoid unnecessary physical exertion;
•  Drink plenty of water;
•  And stay as much as possible in air-conditioned environments.
The ministry has also published Recommendations for Dealing with Hot Weather in Old Age.

The Fire and Rescue Authority has published its instructions on preventing forest and other open air fires. Their video below is easily understandable even without translation:

The Magen David Adom, an Israeli equivalent of the Red Cross, has published the Guidelines on how to stay safe during the Israeli summer.
2014 workplace accident statistics: 62 workers killed in 61 fatal accidents
May 2015
In the course of 2014, 61 fatal workplace accidents occurred in Israel that took lives of 62 workers - according to the report published recently by the National Insurance Institute and the OSH Administration at the Ministry of Economy. This number was the same as in the previous year.

Half of the victims, 31, were construction workers, mostly those who had fallen from height to their death, which makes it the single most prominent cause of fatal accidents in Israel accounting for 43% of the total. Out of 31 victims in the construction sector, there were 17 Israeli citizens and 14 foreign workers. However, the rate of fatal accident per 100,000 employees in this sector was 15.40 for foreign workers – much higher than the 9.55 figure for the Israeli workers.

The general rate of fatal accident in the construction sector was 11.53, compared to 4.49 in the industry and 2.09 in the trade and commerce.

The detailed report (in Hebrew) may be found on the OSH Administration's website. 
IIOSH celebrates World Safety Day 2015
April 2015

As in previous years, Israel joins the international workplace safety and health community in celebrating the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April 2015. This year's main theme of Building a Culture of Prevention on OSH has long been well appreciated by OSH specialists in Israel - where a highly culturally diverse workforce, speaking several languages and originating from very different cultural backgrounds, continuously presents a complicated challenge for OSH trainers, promoters and researchers.

This year IIOSH has prepared a range of activities to celebrate the World Safety Day. A comprehensive special webpage has been developed and put on the Institute's main Hebrew website, containing articles, banners and annotated links to the relevant ILO resources. It opens with the address by Israel Shreibman, IIOSH Acting Director General:

"Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene is dedicated to the challenge of implementing, all year over and across the whole country, the culture of prevention on OSH. We are marking this day with a range of activities: dissemination of relevant publications, telling the Safety Day story to trainees at our courses and seminars, mentioning it in the course of field visits and surveys, and more. And we'll pursue this proactive approach as a highly important and essential part of our ongoing and future activities".

Netanya greets safe businesses
April 2015
Municipality of Netanya, a seaside resort city that is also home to many small and medium enterprises, has awarded special prizes to winners of the local Do Business Safe competition. The event, chaired by the city's Mayor Miriam Fierberg-Ikar, was organized jointly with IIOSH and the Manof Fund of National Insurance Institute.

Netanya is one of the several Israeli towns participating in the international Safe Community project, initiated and coordinated by WHO and aiming at raising the health and safety awareness and performance in municipal frameworks. In Israel, this ongoing project is coordinated by IIOSH, supported by the Manof Fund and carried out in close collaboration with the local authorities and their elected officials. Other Israeli Safe Communities include Ra'anana, Umm-el-Fahm, Ramle, Ashdod, and Carmiel.

Mayor Fierberg-Ikar: "We're proud to be part of the Safe Community movement and promise to keep the workers' health and safety at the very top of our municipal agenda".


Burning chametz with no burns or fires
March 2015
Prior to the Passover festival, it is customary for observant Jews to make their homes completely free of chametz – leavened bread and grains – and to burn the removed chametz outdoors. Like any other use of open fire, this ancient traditional procedure may result in people get burnt and property damaged. This is why, with Passover approaching, the Israeli Fire and Rescue Services has published guidelines for preventing fires and causing injury and harm to people and property when burning chametz:
  Chametz should only be burned in the presence of adults. Make sure children are not standing too close to the fire.
  While the fire is burning, do not add flammable materials to cause the fire to flare up, such as gasoline or oil.
  Do not burn chametz near vehicles. When the chametz has finished burning, do not pour the remnants of the fire into the trash.

Another millennia-old Passover ritual is a thorough search of the home for any remaining chametz, using a feather and a lit candle – which also should be done with precaution in order not to let anything catch fire.

Burning chametz in Jerusalem's religious neighborhood

EU and Israel collaborate on silicosis prevention
March 2015
Silicosis, an incurable occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, is on the rise among Israeli workers employed in the marble and artificial quartz industry. Being alarmed by this dangerous trend that has been observed in other countries as well, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) has taken an initiative of convening, at their headquarters in Bilbao, a joint EU – Israel Workshop on Issues Associated with Silica and Artificial Stone.

The workshop's participants included senior representatives from EU-OSHA, EU's DG EMPL, ILO and WHO, as well as specialists from the Spanish Instituto Nacional de Silicosis. Israel was represented by Ms. Varda Edwards, Head of OSH Administration at the Israeli Ministry of Economy (IL-OSHA) and Chief Labor Inspector; Dr. Luba Pushnoy, Chief Occupational Physician at IL-OSHA; Dr. Asher Pardo, Head of Occupational Health Research at Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (IIOSH); and Mr. Noam Raanan, Head of Research and Information at IL-OSHA.

Upon hearing and discussing the research results obtained in Israel on the increasing silicosis morbidity and the suggested ways for its prevention, the EU representatives have expressed their wish to pay due attention to this important workplace health issue and to continue a fruitful, mutually beneficial collaboration with their Israeli counterparts.

EU-OSHA Director Dr. Christa Sedlatschek greets the workshop participants             Hearing the report by IIOSH's Dr. Asher Pardo

International ergonomic standards adopted in Israel
February 2015
Some time ago, the Standards Institute of Israel published for the first time a set of new ergonomics standards in Israel. The new standards have been adopted as voluntary Israeli standards from nine ISO standards, upon the recommendation of an advisory committee chaired by Eyal Levy. Other Committee members were Prof. Yair Lifshitz, chairman of the Israeli Ergonomics Association; Dr. Joan Geiger, Chief Ergonomics Advisor at IIOSH; Zohar Shrem from the Ministry of Health, and Dr. Oren Zack of the Association of Occupational Medicine.

The adopted nine standards cover different aspects of ergonomic principles and practice, their application in the office environment and in manual handling: 

● IS 26800 Ergonomics - General Approach, Principles and Concepts. 
● IS 6385 Ergonomic Principles in the Design of Work Systems. 
● IS 11288-1 Ergonomic s- Manual Handling Part 1: Lifting and Carrying. 
● IS 11288-2 Ergonomics - Manual Handling Part 2: Pushing and Pulling. 
● IS 11288-3 Ergonomics - Manual Handling Part 3: Handling of Low Loads at High Frequency. 
● IS 9241-1 Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with VDT's - Part 1: General Introduction. 
● IS 9241-2 Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with VDT's - Part 2: Guidance on Task Requirements. 
● IS 9241-5 Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with VDT's - Part 5: Workstation Layout and Postural Requirements. 
● IS 9241-1.10 Ergonomics of Human-System Interaction – Part 110: Dialogue Principles. 

Adoption of national standards for ergonomic represents an important step in increasing ergonomics awareness and application throughout workplaces in Israel.

Innovative workshop helps safety officers to implement new regulations on safety management plan
January 2015
The IIOSH organizational psychology department has recently started conducting an innovative workshop for safety officers. This workshop is aimed at furnishing Israeli OSH field workers with practical tools that would help them to successfully cope with their new responsibilities arising from the Workplace Safety Regulations on Safety Management Plan, in force since August 2014. These tools relate to such behavioral and legal aspects of the safety officers' regular activities as: stress management, coping with new responsibilities, persuasion and influence techniques, professional and personal growth management, etc.

The workshop consists of 6 meetings and is acknowledged by the Economy Ministry's OSH Administration for the purpose of safety officers' mandatory annual refreshment training. It is managed by Ms. Livnat Cohen, Head of the IIOSH organizational psychology department, and sponsored by the Israeli Manufacturers Association of Israel.


Arab 10th Graders Trained To Be Safety Delegates
December 2014
Thirty 10th grade highschool students from the Israeli Arab town of Arraba, situated halfway between Acre and the Sea of Gallilee, have recently taken part in a Safety Delegates course – first of its kind in Israel. The course curriculum, based on an IIOSH established training product, was tailored to the specific requirements of young minority trainees, under the guidance of Dr. Sami Sadi, Head of the IIOSH's Northern regional district and himself resident of Arraba.

The course included 16 hours of class instruction, while another 14 hours were dedicated to a safety survey project. Following the course completion, the new young safety delegates are expected to pass the safety message further at their school and community, thus meeting the Education Ministry's call for the 60 hours of voluntary activities done by each 10th grader.

The course's obvious success has prompted demand from other schools and local councils serving Israel's Arab population, which IIOSH will be trying to meet in the coming 2015.

In the course classroom                                                                     Course instructor Mohammad Hamuda                                
Near 1,000 Took Part in 17th Israeli OSH Congress
November 2014
Almost 1,000 participants from all branches of the Israeli economy and society have participated in 17th Israeli Occupational Safety and Health Congress, held at the Airport City convention center on 17 November 2014. The congress, organized by Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (IIOSH) in collaboration with the Manof Fund of National Insurance Institute, coincided with the IIOSH 60th anniversary.

The delegates, mainly safety officers and other OSH professionals from across the country, were greeted by Economy Minister Naphtali Bennet, President of Industrialists' Union Tzvi Oren, Chairman of General Federation of Labour Avi Nissenkorn, Mr. Moshe Mizrahi MK, General Director of National Insurance Institute Prof. Shlomo Mor-Yosef, and IIOSH Board Chairman Shalom Shlomo.

In his opening address, IIOSH Acting General Director Israel Shreibman listed the significant achievements gained by the Institute during its first sixty years. He outlined the principal directions for the further action towards an ultimate goal – Zero Accidents at the Israeli workplace: changing the safety culture and climate; addressing the safety and health concerns across the whole life cycle; applying the leading-edge approaches and tools for OSH management, training, information dissemination and more.

After the plenary session, the Congress continued its work in several parallel topical sessions: OSH Management; Workplace Health; Human Factor; Selected Projects for Advancing the Safety; Successful Applications and Tools; OSH Communication and Web.

Right to left: Israel Shreibman; Minister Naftali Bennet; Tzvi Oren; Prof. Shlomo Mor-Yosef; Avi Nissenkorn; Moshe Mizrahi MK.
Ammonia leak leaves firefighter dead, 20 injured, area evacuated
November 2014
A tragic ammonia leak in the Emek Hefer industrial park on 6 November has left a firefighter dead and 20 other people injured. The accident involved an 8 ton tank of ammonia used at a poultry processing plant, and happened as a result of incidentally cutting two tank-connected pipes by the plant's workers.

Staff Sergeant Samer Asli, 34, firefighters' team leader from the Arab village of Kafr Qara, has perished in the course of leak containment.

The Environmental Protection Ministry, Israeli Police and other relevant authorities have launched a thorough investigation of the incident. The Knesset Internal Affairs and Environment Committee has held an emergency session to examine the whole issue of ammonia storage and use in Israel.

In response to the event, Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene has immediately prepared and published updated guidelines for workers' protection in case of accidental exposure to ammonia.

The Fire & Rescue Service personnel prepare to enter the leak area. Image source:
Ebola Virus Disease Declared Public Hazard
October 2014
The Israeli Health Minister Yael German has signed an official notice in accordance with the Public Health Ordinance 1940, which defines the Ebola virus disease as “a dangerous infectious disease presenting a severe hazard to the public”. Such a formal recognition would allow the national health and other authorities to exercise various measures aimed at preventing the disease from spreading into Israel. More information on Ebola may be found at the Health Ministry's website.

Pilot Project on Tools for Safety Management Plan
October 2014
The Workplace Safety Regulations on Safety Management Plan, adopted in 2013, have recently entered into force across the Israeli economy. In order to assist the industrial workplaces in their efficient and trouble-free implementation, IIOSH has started a pilot project aimed at furnishing the industrial enterprises' safety officers with specially developed tools, based on organizational psychology principles. Such tools should aid the OSH specialists working in the field to set up local “task forces” and, in close and assertive collaboration with the workers and the management, to develop and implement various components of a safety management plan. First seminars for safety officers and IIOSH specialists have already been held as an initial stage of the new pilot.


Participants of a seminar for safety officers and IIOSH specialists
The XX World Congress on Safety and Health at Work, the largest global occupational safety event, took place in Frankfurt, Germany, on August 24-27.

Among 3,980 participants from 143 countries, a five-strong delegation from IIOSH experienced four days of stimulating discussions, networking with the colleagues, exchanging views and maintaining constructive dialogue on the modern challenges faced by OSH professionals all over the world. 

The Forum for Prevention, a new event format that offers international experts with similar interests a platform for sharing their experiences and knowledge, has seen IIOSH's Dr. Sami Sadi presenting a poster on Review of Safety Performance Indicators, which has aroused much interest and discussion.

Within the Congress framework, the IIOSH representatives have taken part in the ISSA and ILO's CIS Network meetings.
IIOSH delegates, left to right: Doron Nava, Dr. Asher Pardo, Dr. Sami Sadi, Sigal Sarpurker, Sarai Fine.       Dr. Sami Sadi presents his poster at the Forum for Prevention.
Ergonomics in the Air 
September 2014

As part of its campaign to promote ergonomics and ergonomic thinking in all walks of work and life, Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene has launched, in collaboration with El Al Airlines, a short video Ergonomics in the Air. The video, produced under the direction of Joan Geiger, the IIOSH's ergonomic advisor, in cooperation with the Institute's Office of Marketing, Sales and Publicity, includes tips on successfully adapting the standardized environment of the traveler's airplane seat to varied uses: resting, reading, working or surfing the web.

Emphasis is placed on practical solutions, such as using a rolled garment as a lumbar support, or an extra book or magazine as a computer riser. While no specific inflight exercises are prescribed, the minute and a half video includes reminders to stay active and avoid immobility. The video will be aired on El Al flights and can be viewed on YouTube:

No more excessive noise at Israeli discos 
August 2014

Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection has issued new regulations aimed at limiting hazardous exposure to loud noise at discotheques. From now on, the proprietors and operators of these businesses are legally bound to equip all their dancing halls with noise meters that would automatically turn off the the sound amplifying system as soon as the noise level measured at one of the microphones exceeds, for the duration of 10 seconds, the limit of 95 decibels. The music would then be turned on automatically after a half-minute timeout. Besides that definitive measure, every dancing hall must have a sizable electronic board displaying the noise measurement results for all microphones, and a notice advising the public on the potential dangers of noise exposure even below the limit established by the new regulations.

IIOSH hosted parliamentary committee on migrant workers 
August 2014

The Israeli Knesset's committee on the problems of migrant workers has recently held its meeting at the offices of Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene. The committee's chair MK Michal Rozin and members MK Moshe Mizrahi and MK Shimon Solomon were greeted by IIOSH General Director Daniel Hadad and Institute's senior staff.

It is no secret that migrant workers are typically employed in more accident-prone occupations and industries, mostly in construction and agriculture. While the strict Israeli labor laws and regulations apply to them exactly to the same extent as to their local colleagues, their efficient implementation and enforcement are impeded by cultural and behavioral differences and by the language barrier.

The visiting parliamentarians were updated on the extensive activities pursued by IIOSH for raising the workplace safety and health awareness of migrant workers and their Israeli employers. They were shown printed and multimedia training and explanation materials published by IIOSH in various languages, including Arabic, Thai, Chinese, Russian and more.

From right to left: MK Moshe Mizrahi, MK Michal Rozin, MK Shimon Solomon and their parliamentary assistants.

New hazard datasheets on port occupations
July 2014

International Hazard Datasheets on Occupations (HDO), a concept conceived at IIOSH back in 1990s and then adopted by ILO and other international bodies, contain information on the hazards, risks and preventive measures related to a specific occupation. Each datasheet lists, in a standard format, different hazards to which a worker may be exposed to in the normal course of work. Up today, several hundreds HDOs have been produced and published in various languages.

Recently IIOSH has been asked to compile a new series of hazard datasheets in Hebrew on five sea port occupations – port pilot, tugboat skipper, pilot boat skipper, vessel traffic controller and pier/wharf worker. This work, done in close collaboration with the professional staff of a major Israeli sea port, has now been accomplished, providing one of the most hazardous workplaces with a comprehensive information resource for protecting their workers' safety and health.

An IIOSH specialist aboard a tugboat in the process of hazard datasheet research.

Teaching safety - even under fire
July 2014

Every year, Israel Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (IIOSH) provides safety training for almost 100 thousands of workers – Israeli, Palestinian and migrant alike. All modes and tools of instruction are employed, from traditional classroom lectures to multimedia computer presentations delivered right to the workplace on board the fleet of built-to-purpose training trucks and vans. Palestinian and migrant workers needn't to know Hebrew to learn the safety lessons: the training is provided in their native languages – Arabic, Russian, Thai, Chinese and more.

Such an extensive and technologically advanced operation is not simple even at the time of peace. And it proves immensely more complicated when almost all of the country, especially the South of Israel, is sprayed with deadly rockets, missiles and mortar bombs indiscriminately fired by Hamas terrorists from Gaza Strip. A few days ago a vegetable hothouse worker was killed by terrorists' fire – the first workplace victim of the current surge of hostilities. To the apparent disappointment of his Hamas murderers, he wasn't even an Israeli, but a migrant worker from Thailand. 

When hearing the scary sound of air raid siren, every citizen is obliged to immediately take cover using the nearest protected space – an indispensable part of every Israeli home or business – or public shelter. This life-saving rule applies also to the participants of educational and training events, and the IIOSH training staff routinely make sure that all lectures, seminars etc. are only held at venues properly equipped with protected spaces or located in the immediate vicinity of public shelters. The terrorists in Gaza may go out of their way to disrupt the normal life in Israel – but the safety training show must go on, and it will!